U.S. National Science Foundation
We Can Figure This Out.org
Resources: U.S. Energy Production and Consumption
University of Virginia

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Corresponding Web Notes: U.S. Energy Production and Consumption (pptx / pdf / key)

Percentage of U.S. Electrical Energy vs. Energy Source:

Compiled from data on: EIA Electricity Data Browser (link)

My spreadsheet using those data to create these plots (link)


Relative Scales of 2021 U.S. Electrical Energy Generation vs. Total Energy Consumption:

Derived from this spreadsheet (link):     Red/Pink = GHG-linked Energy    Green = Non-GHG-linked Energy

Sources used in preparation of web notes (in approximate presentation order):


U.S. Department of Energy (DOE): U.S. Electricity Primer (link / cached copy)

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA): U.S. Energy Facts Explained (link / cached copy)

EIA: Annual Energy Outlook 2022 - Narrative (link / cached copy)

U.S. Electrical Energy:

EIA: FAQ's Homepage (link / cached copy):

EIA FAQ: How much Electricity does an American home use? (link / cached copy)

EIA: Electricity Data Browser (link)

The Washington Post (2015): Mapping how the United States generates its Electricity (link / cached copy)

National Public Radio (2015): Coal, Gas, Nuclear, Hydro? How Your State Generates Power (link / cached copy)

U.S. Total Energy:

Los Angelas Times (1999): Mars Probe Lost Due to Simple Math Error (link / cached copy)

EIA: Monthly Energy Review (April 2022) (link / cached copy)

The Atlantic (February 2022): Forget 'Reduce, Reuse, Recycle' (link / annotated copy)

Possible replacement of fossil-fuels with electricity for ground transportation, air & water heating:

DOE: Estimating Costs and Efficiency of Storage, Demand, and Heat Pump Water Heaters (link / corrected copy)

EIA: Use of Energy Explained - Energy Use for Transportation - In Depth (2020) (link / cached copy)

DOE (EIA): Energy Data Facts - Residential Program Solution Center (link / cached copy)

EIA: What's New in How We Use Energy at Home - 2015 Residential Energy Consumption Survey (link / cached copy)

DOE: Heat Pump Water Heaters (link / cached copy)

Global Energy Consumption:

Wikipedia: List of Countries by Energy Consumption per capita (link / cached copy)