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Resources: Exotic Power Sources
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Corresponding Web Notes: Exotic Power Sources (pptx / pdf / key)

Geothermal Power:

U.S. National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL) Map of U.S. Geothermal Resources (link)

Geothermal Gradient, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Geothermal Energy, White, U.S. Geological Survey (link / cached copy)

Geothermal 101: Basics of Geothermal Energy Production and Use, Geothermal Energy Association, 2009 (link / cached copy)

The Future of Geothermal Energy - Impact of Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) on the United States in the 21st Century, MIT / INL / DOE, 2006 (link / cached copy)

Systematic Review of Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Geothermal Electricity, U.S. National Renewable Energy Lab, 2017 (link / cached copy

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion:

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion - Technology, Rafferty & Mero, Britannica (link / cached copy)

Energy Explained: Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, U.S. Energy Information Administration (link / cached copy)

Ocean Thermal Energy: Back from the Deep, IEEE Spectrum, September 2014 (link / cached copy)

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion, Makai Ocean Engineering (link / cached copy)

Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Corporation (link / cached copy)

Tidal Barrage Power:

Tidal Barrage Power is discussed at length in my note set:

Hydroelectric Power (pptx / pdf / key) and in references listed on its Resources Webpage

Tidal Stream Power:

Tidal Stream Generator, Wikipedia  (link / cached copy)

Power From the Oceans - Blue Energy, Tollefson, Nature 2014 (link / cached copy)

Tidal Resonance:

Harbor Resonance: A Comparison of Field Measurements to Numerical Results, Chen, Coastal Engineering Proceedings (2011) (link / cached copy)

Tidal Dynamics in the Gulf of Maine and New England Shelf, Chen et al., J. Geophys. Res. 116, p. C12010 (2011)  (link / cached copy)

Hydrodynamic Impacts of Tidal Lagoons in the Upper Bay of Fundy, Cousineau, Thesis 2012, University of Ottawa (link / cached copy)

Tidal Resonance in the Gulf of Thailand, Cui et al., Ocean Science 15, pp. 321-41 (2019) (link / cached copy)

Strangford Lough

SeaGen, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Pentland Firth

MeyGen, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)


The Available Power from Tidal Stream Turbines in the Pentland Firth, Adcock et al., Proc. Royal Soc. A, 2013 (link / cached copy)

Tidal Energy Potential of Pentland Firth Revealed, U. Edinburgh, 2014 (link / cached copy)

Firth 'Could Power Half of Scotland,'  BBC News, January 2014 (link / cached copy)


World's First Large-Scale Tidal Energy Farm Launches in Scotland, The Guardian 2016 (link / cached copy)

MeyGen Array Sets Global Records for Harnessing Tidal Power, PowerMag.com 2018 (link / cached copy

Pentland Firth Tidal Power Plant - Scotland, PowerTechnology.com, 2019 (link / cached copy

Bay of Fundy

Fundy Ocean Research Centre for Energy (FORCE) - About / history webpage (link / cached copy)

Bay of Fundy, Ocean Networks Canada (link / cached copy)

Top 10 Things You Need to Know About Tidal Energy in Nova Scotia, Nova Scotia Department of Energy and Mines (link / cached copy

Show/Hide list of reports about tidal stream tests in the Bay of Fundy:


Cape Sharp Tidal Venture Update, FORCE, 2019 (link / cached copy)

TIMELINE: Tidal power in the Minas Passage, SaltWire 2018 (link / cached copy

OpenHydro / Naval Energies 2009:

A Big Setback for Tidal Power, Greentech Media (link / cached copy)

Failed Tidal Turbine Explained at Symposium, CBC News (link / cached copy)

Events of 2010, Warktimes (link / cached copy)

Tidal Power in the Bay of Fundy: A Dream without Danger? , National Observer (link / cached copy)

OpenHydro / Naval Energies 2016:

Losses from the Failed tidal Generation Project Continue to Mount, Halifax Examiner (link / cached copy)

OpenHydro / Naval Energies 2018:

Cape Sharp Turbine Spinning with no Monitoring for Effects on Sea Creatures, Warktimes (link / cached copy

Team Investigating why Rotor not Turning on Cape Sharp Tidal Turbine, Global News (link / cached copy

Cape Sharp Tidal Turbine was ‘Damaged beyond Repair’ in September, Global News (link / cached copy

Bay of Fundy Tidal Turbine Faces Uncertain Future as Company Yanks Support, CBC News (link / cached copy)

Sustainable Marine Energy (SME) 2019:

SME Reveals Plans for 9M Pempa'q Tidal Energy Project, SME, 2019 (link / cached copy)

Tidal Energy Companies Join Forces for Bay of Fundy Project, CBC News, (link / cached copy)

The Robotic Shark Technology of Jaws, Tested, 2013 (link / cached copy)

Wave Power:

Wave Power Science:

Ocean Wave Energy, Johannes Falnes (link / cached copy)

Wave Power, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Equipartition Theorem, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Group Velocity, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Wind Wave, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Sea State, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource, Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), 2011 (link / cached copy)

Hydrodynamics, MIT lecture notes by Prof. A.H. Techet, 2005 (link / cached copy)

Based on those notes: My calculation of pressure below ocean waves (mathcad / pdf)

Proposed Wave Power Technologies:

Wave Energy, Open Energy Information, U.S. National Renewable Energy Lab (link / cached copy)

Mapping and Assessment of the United States Ocean Wave Energy Resource, Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), 2011 (link / cached copy)

Five Striking Concepts for Harnessing the Sea's Power, National Geographic, February 2014 (link / cached copy)

Pelamis Wave Energy Converter, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Wave Energy, BlueBird-Electric.net (link / cached copy)

Azura (Wave Power Device), Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

mWave (link / cached copy)

Energy Resources - Wave Power (teaching resources including links to YouTube videos), Andy Darvill (link / cached copy)

Wave Power Assessments:

Why Wave Power Has Lagged Far Behind as Energy Source, Levitan, Yale Environment 360 (2014) (link / cached copy)

Wave Energy in the UK - Is it Dead, Physics World, February 2019 (link / cached copy)

Information used in calculations about Hawaii:

About Oahu, Hawaiian Dream Vacations (link / cached copy)

Power Facts, Hawaii Electric (link / cached copy)

Floating Photovoltaic Power:

Floating Solar, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Putting Solar Panels on Water Is a Great Idea - But Will It Float? Scientific American, February 2019 (link / cached copy

Will Floating Solar Arrays Float or Sink?  Solar Power World, July 2019 (link / cached copy)

Floating Solar Panels: What You Need to Know in 2019, Energy Sage (link / cached copy)

Wind Power Balloons & Kites:

Go Fly a Kite, IEEE Spectrum, December 2012 (link)

The Quest to Harness Wind Energy at 2,000 Feet, Popular Science, October 2014 (link / cached copy)

Altaeros Homepage (link / cached copy)

WindLift Homepage (link / cached copy)

Solar Satellites:

How Japan Plans to Build an Orbital Solar Farm, IEEE Spectrum, April 2014 (link / cached copy

It's Always Sunny in Space, IEEE Spectrum, May 2014 (link)

Fusion Power:

Fusion Power, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Fusion Energy Gain Factor, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Nuclear Fusion, Britannica (link / cached copy)

Magnetic Confinement Fusion, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Tokamak, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

A Review of Fusion and Tokamak Research Towards Steady-State Operation: A JAEA Contribution, Kikuchi, Energies 3, pp. 1741-89  (2010) (link / cached copy)

On the Power and Size of Tokamak Fusion Pilot Plants and Reactors, Costley et al., Nuclear Fusion 55 (2015) (link / cached copy

National Ignition Facility, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

National Ignition Facility FAQs, Lawrence Livermore National Lab / NIF (link / cached copy)

ITER (International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor), Wikipedia National Ignition Facility, Wikipedia (link / cached copy)

Panel Backs ITER Fusion Project’s New Schedule, But Balks at Cost, Science Magazine 2016 (link / cached copy)

The Path to Fusion Power, Smith & Cowley, Phil. Trans. A 368, pp. 1091-1108 (2010) (link / cached copy

Fusion as a Future Power Source: Recent Achievements and Prospects, Mamacher & Bradshaw, Proceedings of the 18th World Energy Congress (link / cached copy)

Nuclear Fusion - Do The Math, Murphy, 2012 (link / cached copy)

It's the 21st Century - Where's My Fusion Reactor? - Climate CoLab Org, 2013 (link / cached copy)

Why Nuclear Fusion Is Always 30 Years Away, Discover Magazine, March 2016 (link / cached copy)

The Uncertain Future of Fusion Energy, Energy Central, October 2017 (link / cached copy)

Why Nuclear Fusion is Gaining Steam – Again, PhysOrg, April 2018 (link / cached copy)